As well, the health control zone of Brazil is a field open to new studies, research and records that can increase the practice of the activity, which is gaining more and more importance in the face of rising costs in the health sector (re, 2007) .
At the end of this study he concluded that only through a health team extensively trained as universal care tips is probably the prevention of nosocomial infections, which require that all professionals respect and exercise all the rules set by the CCIH.
The Hospital Infection Control Committee (CCIH) is made up of a group of professionals who have nosocomial infection prevention functions, support and evaluate the hospital infection control program (PCIH), among other functions.
- It is important to note that hospital infections are acquired after the patient’s admission to a hospital that may appear during the patient’s hospitalization or after his high and can be caused due to some hospital procedures or even hospitalization.
- The social reality of the development of dominant healthcare production is demanding new work processes not related to direct patient care, with many of them performed by nurses such as: CIH, hospital quality control, as well as hospital hygiene management.
Since the beginning of humanity, the search for cures for diseases has been an important engine in the preservation of the human species. Sciences such as anthropology and archeology show that medicine is as old as the existence of man.
Modern medicine has its roots in antiquity, but it is from the mid-nineteenth century when scientific rigor in medical practices begins to acquire greater relevance. Thus, the scientific method will be founded as the main stream of medical knowledge. Although other ways of conceiving medicine continued to be valid, they were progressively marginalized as a consequence of the advance of Western society.
One of the milestones in medicine was the creation of the stethoscope. It was created in 1816 by the French doctor René Laënnec, while doing research in Paris. The first prototype consisted of a rolled-up medical notebook that he himself used to write down the consultations of his patients.
Over the years, this great invention was perfected. In 1940 a stethoscope was designed with two faces, one for the respiratory system and one for the cardiovascular system. This model managed to become a reference until today.
The use of anesthesia is another of the most important milestones in medicine. Why? By blocking the sensitivity, it allowed to eliminate the patient’s pain at the time of a medical intervention.
The first use under scientific experimentation is attributed to the American dentist William Thomas Monton. In 1846 Monton used ether to extract a patient’s tooth. Months later he publicly demonstrated his method in front of the medical community, ushering in the birth of modern anesthesiology.
The discovery of antibiotics may be the most relevant fact for modern humanity. Its discovery allowed the prosperity of nations and radically transformed health services. The icon of medicines is penicillin, which the British scientist Alexander Fleming discovered by chance in 1929. While experimenting in his laboratory, he observed how the mold managed to eliminate a colony of bacteria that was growing in the same dish. Thus he concluded that mold produced a substance capable of dissolving bacteria. This was called penicillin.